Types of Surgery
Why a colostomy is made
If the bowel (intestine) is infected or inflamed, and needs time to heal and rest, the surgeon may perform a temporary colostomy.
The surgeon will leave the rectum and anus in place so that the bowel can be reconnected later. This type of surgery is known as a Hartmann’s Procedure. Once the bowel is reconnected, the stool once again passes through the rectum and anus. If the rectum and anus are removed, the colostomy is permanent.
Colostomy surgery is commonly done to treat rectal cancer, diverticulitis, rectal fistulas and trauma to the rectal area.
mean the same thing.) To make an ileostomy, the surgeon brings the ileum through a small incision on the abdomen to make a stoma.
An ileostomy can be temporary or permanent, and the stoma formed can be an end stoma or a loop stoma.
Why an ileostomy is made
Ileostomy surgery is performed most often for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Crohn’s or Ulcerative Colitis) or rectal cancer.
To make an ileal conduit, the surgeon takes a piece of ileum (the last section of the small bowel) out of the digestive system, keeping it connected to its nerve and blood supply.
The rest of digestive system is reconnected so that it functions normally.
The surgeon takes the piece of bowel that was separated from the digestive system and attaches the ureters (tubes that take urine from the kidney to the bladder) at one end. Then the surgeon brings the other end through the abdominal wall to make a stoma. When the kidneys produce urine, the urine will travel down from the kidneys, through the ureters, and into the ileal conduit. Then urine will travel through the ileal conduit and out the stoma.
Why a urostomy is made
Some reasons it might be necessary to have surgery to create an ileal conduit include bladder cancer and birth defects of the urinary tract.